Fatty acids

Arachidonic Acid (AA, 20:4) Arachidonic Acid (AA, 20:4) An unsaturated, essential fatty acid. It is found in animal and human fat as well as in the liver, brain, and glandular organs, and is a constituent of animal phosphatides. It is formed by the synthesis from dietary linoleic acid and is a precursor in the biosynthesis of prostaglandins, thromboxanes, and leukotrienes. ,
Dihomo-gamma-linolenic acid (DGLA, 20:3) Dihomo-gamma-linolenic acid (DGLA, 20:3) A 20-carbon-chain fatty acid, unsaturated at positions 8, 11, and 14. It differs from arachidonic acid, 5,8,11,14-eicosatetraenoic acid, only at position 5. en:fatty_acids en:essential_fatty_acids ,
Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA, 22:6) Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA, 22:6) Links * ω-3 fatty acids: * eicosapentaenoic acid or EPA (20:5) * docosahexaenoic acid or DHA (22:6) * ω-6 fatty acids: * gamma-linolenic acid or GLA (18:3) * dihomo-gamma-linolenic acid or DGLA (20:3) * arachidonic acid or AA (20:4) en:fatty_acids en:essential_fatty_acids ,
Eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA, 20:5) Eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA, 20:5) Important polyunsaturated fatty acid found in fish oils. It serves as the precursor for the prostaglandin-3 and thromboxane-3 families. A diet rich in eicosapentaenoic acid lowers serum lipid concentration, reduces incidence of cardiovascular disorders, prevents platelet aggregation, and inhibits ,
Linoleic acid (18:2) Linoleic acid (18:2) A doubly unsaturated fatty acid, occurring widely in plant glycosides. It is an essential fatty acid in mammalian nutrition and is used in the biosynthesis of prostaglandins and cell membranes. (MeSH: 68019787) en:fatty_acids en:essential_fatty_acids ,
α-linolenic acid (18:3) α-linolenic acid (18:3) A fatty acid that is found in plants and involved in the formation of prostaglandins. en:fatty_acids en:essential_fatty_acids ,
ω-Linolenic Acid (GLA, 18:3) ω-Linolenic Acid (GLA, 18:3) An omega-6 fatty acid produced in the body as the delta 6-desaturase metabolite of linoleic acid. It is converted to dihomo-gamma-linolenic acid, a biosynthetic precursor of monoenoic prostaglandins such as PGE1. (From Merck Index, 11th ed) ,