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Amino Acids Amino Acids Organic compounds that generally contain an amino (-NH2) and a carboxyl (-COOH) group. Twenty alpha-amino acids are the subunits which are polymerized to form proteins. Amino acidAbbr.Amino acidAbbr. Alanine Ala,A Leucine Leu,L Arginine Arg,R , ,
Branched-chain amino acids (BCAA) Branched-chain amino acids (BCAA) Branched-chain amino acids consist of isoleucine, leucine and valine that have branched-side chain. Since the BCAAs are abundantly found in skeletal muscle, they are often used for a supplement food. Isoleucine <jmol ile.pdb.gz 150 150></jmol> Leucine , , ,
Cystein Cystein Cystein, Cys, C A thiol-containing non-essential amino acid that is oxidized to form CYSTINE. Name L-Cystein MeSH 68003545 CAS No. 52-89-1 Molecular Formula Molecular Weight 121.159 MW (Hydrochloride), 157.615pK1(25℃) ,
Glycine Glycine A non-essential amino acid. It is found primarily in gelatin and silk fibroin and used therapeutically as a nutrient. It is also a fast inhibitory neurotransmitter. (MeSH) Name Glycine CAS No.56-40-6Molecular Formula Molecular Weight , ,
Isoleucine (2S,3S)-2-amino-3-methyl-pentanoic acid , , , ,
Leucine Leucine Leu, L An essential branched-chain amino acid important for hemoglobin formation. Name L-Leucine MeSH 68007930 CAS No.61-90-5Molecular Weight 131.17292 g/mol Molecular Formula XLogP -1.4 pK1(25℃)2.33pK2(25℃)9.74 , , , ,
Phenylalanine Phenylalanine Phe, F An essential aromatic amino acid that is a precursor of MELANIN; DOPAMINE; noradrenalin (NOREPINEPHRINE), and THYROXINE. Name L-Phenylalanine CAS No.63-91-2MeSH 68010649 Molecular Weight 165.18914 g/mol , ,
Proline Proline Name L-Proline MeSH 68011392 CAS No. 147-85-3Molecular Weight 115.13046 g/mol Molecular Formula m.p.220-233℃pK1(25℃)2.95pK2(25℃)10.95 <jmol pro.pdb.gz 250 250></jmol> Links * Amino acid * Proline * Fmoc-Pro-OH en:amino_acid en:non-essential_aa en:jmol , ,
Valine Valine Val, V A branched-chain essential amino acid that has stimulant activity. It promotes muscle growth and tissue repair. It is a precursor in the penicillin biosynthetic pathway. Name L-Valine CAS No.72-18-4 , , , ,