Amino acid

Alanine Alanine Name L-Alanine MeSH 68000409 CAS No. 56-41-7 Molecular Formula Molecular Weight 89.0932 m.p.314.5 - 316.5℃ pK1(25℃)2.35 pK2(25℃)9.87 taste sweet <jmol ala.pdb.gz 250 250></jmol> Link * Amino acid * Fmoc-Ala-OH * Amino acids for SPPS * アラニン * 알라닌 amino_acid chemical_structure jmol , ,
Arginine Arginine Name L-Arginine CAS No. 74-79-3 Formula Molecular Weight174.201pK1(25℃)1.82pK2(25℃)8.99pKR(25℃)12.48taste bitter <jmol arg.pdb.gz 250 250></jmol> Links * Amino acid * Basic amino acids * , ,
Asparagine Asparagine Name L-Asparagine CAS No.70-47-3Molecular Formula Molecular Weight132.118 g/molm.p.233-235℃pK1(25℃)2.10pK2(25℃)8.84 Links * Amino acid * Fmoc-Asn(Trt)-OH * Amino acids for SPPS * アスパラギン amino_acid jmol chemical_structure , ,
Aspartic acid Aspartic acid <jmol asp.pdb.gz 250 250></jmol> m.p.230-300℃pK1(25℃)1.99pK2(25℃)9.90pKR(25℃)3.90 Links * Acidic amino acid * Glutamic acid * Amino acids for SPPS * Fmoc-Asp(OtBu)-OH * アスパラギン酸 * 아스파라긴산 amino_acid jmol ,
Comparison between Leu and Ile Comparison between Leu and Ile Side-chain of Ile brahches at β-carbon flanking to α-carbon of main-chain, though that of leucine branches at γ-carbon. Therefore, γ-carbons of Ile are close to carbonyl oxygen of mainchain. Leucine <jmol leu.pdb.gz 300 300></jmol> ,
Glutamic acid Glutamic acid Name L-Glutamic acid Molecular Weight 147.12926 g/mol Molecular Formula XLogP -3.3 CAS No. 56-86-0m.p.205℃pK1(25℃)2.10pK2(25℃)9.47pKR(25℃)4.07 <jmol glu.pdb.gz 250 250></jmol> Links * , ,
Glutamine Glutamine A non-essential amino acid present abundantly throughout the body and is involved in many metabolic processes. It is synthesized from GLUTAMIC ACID and AMMONIA. It is the principal carrier of NITROGEN in the body and is an important energy source for many cells. , ,
GlycylGlycine (Gly-Gly) GlycylGlycine (Gly-Gly) The simplest of all peptides. It functions as a gamma-glutamyl acceptor. Link * MeSH - Glycylglycine amino_acid chemical_structure ,
Histidine Histidine Name L-Histidine MeSH 68006639 CAS No.71-00-1Molecular Weight 155.15456 g/mol Molecular Formula XLogP -3.4 m.p.282℃pK1(25℃)1.80pK2(25℃)9.33pKR(25℃)6.04tastebitter, sour <jmol his.pdb.gz 250 250></jmol> , ,
Hydroxyproline Hydroxyproline A hydroxylated form of the imino acid proline. A deficiency in ASCORBIC ACID can result in impaired hydroxyproline formation. Name Hydroxyproline MeSH 68006909 EC2PDB1.14.11.2Molecular Weight 131.13 g/mol Molecular Formula ,
L-Ornithine L-Ornithine Links * Amino acid * Basic amino acids * Lysine * Histidine * Arginine amino_acid
Lysine Lysine Name L-Lysine MeSH 68008239 CAS No.56-87-1Molecular Weight 146.18756 g/mol Molecular Formula XLogP -2.9 pK1(25℃)2.16pK2(25℃)9.18pKR(25℃)10.79tastebitter <jmol lys.pdb.gz 250 250></jmol> Links * Amino acid * Basic amino acids , , ,
Ninhydrin 2,2-dihydroxyindene-1,3-dione
Nucleotide definition by IUPAC Nucleotide definition by IUPAC CharATGCNomenclature of nucleobase G GGuanine A AAdenine T TThymine C CCytosine U UUracil R G or ApuRine Y T or CpYrimidine M A or CaMino at 6-purine on 2-pyrimidine K G or TKeto at 6-purine / 2-pyrimidine S G or CStrong interaction(H-bonds x 3) W A or TWeak interaction(H-bonds x 2) , ,
S-Adenosylmethionine S-Adenosylmethionine Physiologic methyl radical donor involved in enzymatic transmethylation reactions and present in all living organisms. It possesses anti-inflammatory activity and has been used in treatment of chronic liver disease. (From Merck, 11th ed) (MeSH: ,
Serine Serine Ser, S A non-essential amino acid occurring in natural form as the L-isomer. It is synthesized from GLYCINE or THREONINE. It is involved in the biosynthesis of PURINES; PYRIMIDINES; and other amino acids. Name L-Serine MeSH 68012694 CAS No.56-45-1Molecular Formula , ,
Threonine Threonine Threonine, Thr, T MeSH - An essential amino acid occurring naturally in the L-form, which is the active form. It is found in eggs, milk, gelatin, and other proteins. Name L-Threonine Molecular Formula CAS No. , ,
Tryptophan Tryptophan Tryptophan, Trp, W An essential amino acid that is necessary for normal growth in infants and for NITROGEN balance in adults. It is a precursor of INDOLE ALKALOIDS in plants. It is a precursor of SEROTONIN (hence its use as an antidepressant and sleep aid). It can be a precursor to NIACIN, albeit inefficiently, in mammals. , ,
Tyrosine Tyrosine Tyr, Y A non-essential amino acid. In animals it is synthesized from phenylalanine. It is also the precursor of epinephrine; thyroid hormones; and melanin. Name L-Tyrosine MeSH 68014443 CAS No.60-18-4Molecular Weight 181.18854 g/mol Molecular Formula XLogP -1.8 m.p.290 - ℃pK1(25℃) , ,