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3,5,3',5'-Tetrachlorobiphenyl 3,5,3',5'-Tetrachlorobiphenyl chemical_structure
Alanine Alanine Name L-Alanine MeSH 68000409 CAS No. 56-41-7 Molecular Formula Molecular Weight 89.0932 m.p.314.5 - 316.5℃ pK1(25℃)2.35 pK2(25℃)9.87 taste sweet <jmol ala.pdb.gz 250 250></jmol> Link * Amino acid * Fmoc-Ala-OH * Amino acids for SPPS * アラニン * 알라닌 amino_acid chemical_structure jmol , ,
Arginine Arginine Name L-Arginine CAS No. 74-79-3 Formula Molecular Weight174.201pK1(25℃)1.82pK2(25℃)8.99pKR(25℃)12.48taste bitter <jmol arg.pdb.gz 250 250></jmol> Links * Amino acid * Basic amino acids * , ,
Asparagine Asparagine Name L-Asparagine CAS No.70-47-3Molecular Formula Molecular Weight132.118 g/molm.p.233-235℃pK1(25℃)2.10pK2(25℃)8.84 Links * Amino acid * Fmoc-Asn(Trt)-OH * Amino acids for SPPS * アスパラギン amino_acid jmol chemical_structure , ,
Bile acid Bile acid Name Bile acid Molecular Weight 408.5714 g/mol Molecular Formula XLogP 4.1 Link * Taurine steroid chemical_structure ,
Cholic acid Cholic acid A major primary bile acid produced in the liver and usually conjugated with glycine or taurine. It facilitates fat absorption and cholesterol excretion. Name Cholic acid MeSH 68019826 Molecular Weight 408.571 g/mol Molecular Formula steroid chemical_structure ,
Chololesterol Chololesterol The principal sterol of all higher animals, distributed in body tissues, especially the brain and spinal cord, and in animal fats and oils. * MeSH:68002784 (-)-Cholesterol Molecular Weight 386.654g/mol Molecular Formula XLogP 8.2 Cholesterin ,
Dehydrocholic acid Dehydrocholic acid A semisynthetic bile acid made from cholic acid. It is used as a cholagogue, hydrocholeretic, diuretic, and as a diagnostic aid. (MeSH:68003685) Link * Cholic acid steroid chemical_structure ,
Diethylene glycol Diethylene glycol Links * Case Definition: Toxic Alcohols (CDC) * Fatalities Associated with Ingestion of Diethylene Glycol -Contaminated Glycerin Used to Manufacture Acetaminophen Syrup (CDC) * Chemical safety cards chemical_structure toxin ,
Dihydrotestosterone Dihydrotestosterone A potent androgenic metabolite of TESTOSTERONE. Dihydrotestosterone (DHT) is generated by a 5-alpha reduction of testosterone. Unlike testosterone, DHT cannot be aromatized to estradiol therefore DHT is considered a pure androgenic steroid. Name Androstanolone ,
Dimethylacetamide Dimethylacetamide cryoprotective chemical_structure ,
Estradiol Estradiol Generally refers to the 17-beta-isomer of estradiol, an aromatized C18 steroid with hydroxyl group at 3-beta- and 17-beta-position. Estradiol-17-beta is the most potent form of mammalian estrogenic steroids. In humans, it is produced primarily by the cyclic ovaries and the PLACENTA. It is also produced by the adipose tissue of men and postmenopausal women. The 17-alpha-isomer of estradiol binds weakly to estrogen receptors (RECEPTORS, ESTROGEN) and exhibits little estrogenic activity … ,
Glutamic acid Glutamic acid Name L-Glutamic acid Molecular Weight 147.12926 g/mol Molecular Formula XLogP -3.3 CAS No. 56-86-0m.p.205℃pK1(25℃)2.10pK2(25℃)9.47pKR(25℃)4.07 <jmol glu.pdb.gz 250 250></jmol> Links * , ,
Glutamine Glutamine A non-essential amino acid present abundantly throughout the body and is involved in many metabolic processes. It is synthesized from GLUTAMIC ACID and AMMONIA. It is the principal carrier of NITROGEN in the body and is an important energy source for many cells. , ,
GlycylGlycine (Gly-Gly) GlycylGlycine (Gly-Gly) The simplest of all peptides. It functions as a gamma-glutamyl acceptor. Link * MeSH - Glycylglycine amino_acid chemical_structure ,
Histidine Histidine Name L-Histidine MeSH 68006639 CAS No.71-00-1Molecular Weight 155.15456 g/mol Molecular Formula XLogP -3.4 m.p.282℃pK1(25℃)1.80pK2(25℃)9.33pKR(25℃)6.04tastebitter, sour <jmol his.pdb.gz 250 250></jmol> , ,
Hydroxyproline Hydroxyproline A hydroxylated form of the imino acid proline. A deficiency in ASCORBIC ACID can result in impaired hydroxyproline formation. Name Hydroxyproline MeSH 68006909 EC2PDB1.14.11.2Molecular Weight 131.13 g/mol Molecular Formula ,
Lysine Lysine Name L-Lysine MeSH 68008239 CAS No.56-87-1Molecular Weight 146.18756 g/mol Molecular Formula XLogP -2.9 pK1(25℃)2.16pK2(25℃)9.18pKR(25℃)10.79tastebitter <jmol lys.pdb.gz 250 250></jmol> Links * Amino acid * Basic amino acids , , ,
S-Adenosylmethionine S-Adenosylmethionine Physiologic methyl radical donor involved in enzymatic transmethylation reactions and present in all living organisms. It possesses anti-inflammatory activity and has been used in treatment of chronic liver disease. (From Merck, 11th ed) (MeSH: ,
Serine Serine Ser, S A non-essential amino acid occurring in natural form as the L-isomer. It is synthesized from GLYCINE or THREONINE. It is involved in the biosynthesis of PURINES; PYRIMIDINES; and other amino acids. Name L-Serine MeSH 68012694 CAS No.56-45-1Molecular Formula , ,
Taurocholic acid Taurocholic acid The product of conjugation of cholic acid with taurine. Its sodium salt is the chief ingredient of the bile of carnivorous animals. It acts as a detergent to solubilize fats for absorption and is itself absorbed. It is used as a cholagogue and cholerectic. ,
Testosteron Testosteron A potent androgenic steroid and major product secreted by the LEYDIG CELLS of the TESTIS. Its production is stimulated by LUTEINIZING HORMONE from the PITUITARY GLAND. In turn, testosterone exerts feedback control of the pituitary LH and FSH secretion. Depending on the tissues, testosterone can be further converted to DIHYDROTESTOSTERONE or ESTRADIOL. ( ,
Threonine Threonine Threonine, Thr, T MeSH - An essential amino acid occurring naturally in the L-form, which is the active form. It is found in eggs, milk, gelatin, and other proteins. Name L-Threonine Molecular Formula CAS No. , ,
Tryptophan Tryptophan Tryptophan, Trp, W An essential amino acid that is necessary for normal growth in infants and for NITROGEN balance in adults. It is a precursor of INDOLE ALKALOIDS in plants. It is a precursor of SEROTONIN (hence its use as an antidepressant and sleep aid). It can be a precursor to NIACIN, albeit inefficiently, in mammals. , ,
Tyrosine Tyrosine Tyr, Y A non-essential amino acid. In animals it is synthesized from phenylalanine. It is also the precursor of epinephrine; thyroid hormones; and melanin. Name L-Tyrosine MeSH 68014443 CAS No.60-18-4Molecular Weight 181.18854 g/mol Molecular Formula XLogP -1.8 m.p.290 - ℃pK1(25℃) , ,
Urea Urea A compound formed in the liver from ammonia produced by the deamination of amino acids. It is the principal end product of protein catabolism and constitutes about one half of the total urinary solids. Urea aqueous solution is commoly used for denaturation or destabilization of proteins for solubilization or estimation of structural stability of proteins. , ,